Gumuk Pasir (sand dune)-the natural phenomenon in Bantul



Yogyakarta has a unique natural phenomenon of sand dune located near Parangtritis beach area. The sand dune is the one and only sand dune found in the Southeast Asia and is said to be the world’s heritage. The sand dune is unique because it is rarely found especially in a country with high rainfall like Indonesia.


The sand dune is located nearby Parangtritis Beach area. It stretches for about 15 km from Opak River estuary to Parangtritis.

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What to See & Do

The sand dune is formed by the sea wind movement. The sands are coming from the materials of Merapi volcano which was brought by the Opak River and Progo River currents to the south coast. The materials are continuously stroked by the big waves that it becomes soft granules of sands. Those particles gumuk_pasir-300x225are flown by sea wind heading to the shore. The process happens for thousands of years which finally form the sand dune we found today.

The locals called the sand dune as “gumuk.” The term is a Javanese word which means heap of something. The existence of the sand dune cannot be separated from the existence of Mount Merapi, Mount Merbabu, Opak River, Progo River and Parangtritis beach. The sand dune has special characteristic in terms of temperature. It has an extreme temperature change between day and night. It is very hot during daylight and extremely cold during night. The condition makes only specific flora and fauna can live in the area.

The place becomes an interesting place to visit especially for the academicians who want to research the phenomenon. The place is often used as a setting for music video making, pre wedding shooting and a photography object for the photographers.  Nearby the sand dunes is the Gumuk Pasir Museum where visitors can get deeper knowledge about the sand dune.

Admission Fee & Visitors Info

  • To enjoy the beauty of the sand dune, visitors are charged IDR 3,000gumuk_pasir1-300x222 per person, parking fee is excluded.
  • All prices are subject to change without prior notice

How to Get There

  • By public transport: Departed from Giwangan bus station, take public bus route to Parangtritis and get off at Parangtritis bus stop.
  • By private vehicles: Departed from Yogya downtown, take the route to Parangtritis by heading southward. The trip will take around 45 minutes.

Related Places: Dome House, Gabugan Village, Abang Temple

Related Hotels: Amaris Hotel Yogyakarta, Rumah Boedi Pavilion Yogyakarta, Hotel Santika Premiere Jogja



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